Paris’ Notre Dame Cathedral is arguably the most stunning gothic cathedral in the world—and is undoubtedly the most famous. Conceived in the 12th century and completed in the 14th, Notre Dame Cathedral was the very heartbeat of medieval Paris. After a period of neglect, it recaptured the popular imagination when 19th-century writer Victor Hugo immortalized it in “The Hunchback of Notre Dame”.
Notre Dame’s dramatic towers, spire, stained glass and statuary are guaranteed to take your breath away. Dig deeper in the archaeological crypt. Climbing the North tower to get a gargoyle’s perspective of Paris is a must, too.
Location and Contact Info:
The cathedral is centrally located on the Ile de la Cité, the area of Paris that divides the city's right and left banks. The Ile de la Cite is surrounded by the Seine River.
Address: Place du parvis de Notre Dame, 4th arrondissement
Metro: Cité or Saint-Michel (Line 4)
RER: Saint-Michel (Line C)
Bus: Lines 21, 38, 47, or 85
Phone: +33 (0)142 345 610
Visit the website (in English]
Nearby Areas and Attractions:
- Cathedral main hall: 6:45 a.m. to 7:45 p.m. (visitors' circulation is partially interrupted during masses and services)
- Cathedral Towers:
- July-August: 9:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.; weekends 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m.
- April-June and September: 9:30 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.
- October-March: 10:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
- Towers closed January 1st, May 1st, and Dec. 25th.
- Archeological crypt: 10 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.; closed on Mondays
Best Times to Visit?:
- Visit Notre Dame in low season (generally October-March) and you'll have a better chance of avoiding massive crowds and long lines.
- In addition, weekday mornings and evenings are generally much quieter than afternoons and weekends. Remember, though, that evening visits to the cathedral will not be optimal for viewing Notre Dame's beautiful stained glass.
- Visiting at sunset will afford awe-inspiring views of the cathedral's stained glass, notably the three rose windows.
- Free guided tours of the cathedral's exterior and main hall are available in English upon request. Call the information desk for more details: +33(0) 142 345 610
- Free downloadable audio tours of the cathedral are a nice alternative
- Tours of the cathedral towers begin at the foot of the North Tower and involves climbing a total of 402 steps. Observation area for the cathedral's 13-ton bell in the South Tower.
20 visitors are admitted to the towers every 10 minutes.
Last admission at 6:45 p.m.
Giftshop and Museum:
- The giftshop is located in the cathedral's main hall, and sells Notre-Dame-themed jewelry, t-shirts, and other gifts.
- The Notre Dame Museum is located at 10, rue du Cloitre-Notre-Dame (around the corner from the cathedral) and traces Notre Dame's origins and history.
Museum opening hours: Wednesday, Saturday, and Sunday, 2:30 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. Closed bank holidays.
Notre Dame is accessible for visitors with limited mobility. Call the information desk for more details.
- A Gallo-Roman temple dedicated to Jupiter and two early medieval churches once stood on Notre Dame's foundations.
- Construction of the cathedral began in 1163. Hundreds of laborers and artisans toiled for nearly 200 years to complete the masterpiece of early gothic architecture.
- Notre Dame was pillaged and seriously damaged during the French Revolution of the late 18th century. 19th century restorations led by Viollet-le-Duc replicated much of the damaged stain glass, statuary, and the cathedral's distinctive spire.
- During the French Revolution, Notre Dame was converted to a "Temple of Reason".